How to build a quantum Newton’s cradle

A quantum analogue of the popular “Newton’s cradle” toy has been proposed by a duo of physicists in Italy. Like momentum transferred in the toy, the team argues that it should be possible to achieve the nearly perfect transmission of … Read the rest

Newton cradle

Newton’s cradle (Fig. 1) is a valuable paradigm of how physical mechanisms are concealed into nature. It is a device based on classical mechanics that demonstrates the conservation of momentum and energy. On the other hand, Quantum Mechanics has been … Read the rest

Corso di Dottorato sui Modelli Neuronali

Stefano Luccioli  (Istituto Sistemi Complessi-CNR)
Corso di Dottorato sui  Modelli Neuronali
presso sede CNR – Sesto Fiorentino

Inizio: 1 Marzo 2016
Dottorato in Fisica ed Astronomia —  XXXI ciclo
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Stefano Luccioli  (Istituto Sistemi Complessi-CNR)
Modelli neuronali (12 ore)

Il … Read the rest

Meccanica statistica di non equilibrio

Meccanica statistica di non equilibrio: trasporto e diffusione in sistemi complessi

Relatore: Stefano Lepri

Gli argomenti di tesi sono di tipo teorico e riguardano il comportamento di sistemi fuori equilibrio. Una preparazione di base in meccanica statistica e’ essenziale. La … Read the rest

Anomalous Heat Transport in Low Dimensions

Many phenomena in nature occur under nonequilibrium stationary conditions. For instance, an electric current is obtained by applying an electric field along a conductor or heat is transported when a temperature gradient is established between two boundaries of a material.

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Asymmetric Wave Transport in Nonlinear System

Deterministic chaos, fractal structures and other beautiful phenomena are manifestations of the nonlinear character of forces which govern our world. Besides a revolutionary change in our approach to predictability, these discoveries had great impact on technological applications.  Among the most 

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Forthcoming book on Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics

Roberto Livi and Paolo Politi
Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics – A modern perspective
(Cambridge University Press, 2017)

 

Statistical mechanics has been proven to be successful at describing physical systems at thermodynamic equilibrium.  Since most natural phenomena occur in nonequilibrium conditions, … Read the rest

Molecole magnetiche su grafene per la spintronica

Una ricerca, svolta in collaborazione fra fisici e chimici italiani, tedeschi e spagnoli, mostra che è possibile realizzare nano-sistemi ibridi depositando magneti molecolari su grafene. L’interazione fra gli spin dei magneti molecolari e il gas bidimensionale di elettroni del grafene … Read the rest

Film magnetici con domini a strisce

Le prime osservazioni di domini a strisce in film magnetici di FeNi risalgono agli anni “60. Le strisce si osservano a rimanenza (cioè in assenza di campo magnetico) e presentano una peculiare proprietà: il loro asse è orientato lungo la … Read the rest

Rivelazione di nanoanticorpi in tracce con tecniche di risonanza plasmonica di superficie

Bruno Tiribilli 1, Giancarlo Margheri 1, Federica Pierucci 2 , Ambra Vestri 2, Elisabetta Meacci 2
1 Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, via Madonna del Piano 10, 50019, Sesto Fiorentino (FI).
2 Dipartimento … Read the rest

New porous water ice metastable at atmospheric pressure obtained by emptying a hydrogen-filled ice

Leonardo del Rosso 1,2, Milva Celli 1 & Lorenzo Ulivi

The properties of some forms of water ice reserve still intriguing surprises. Besides the several stable or metastable phases of pure ice, solid mixtures of water with … Read the rest

MOVEMENT ECOLOGY OF SEABIRDS: a mechanistic explanation of their incredible navigation ability

LÉVY FLIGHT
AVIAN
OLFACTORY
NAVIGATION
EXPERIMENTS
RESULTS
THE TEAM
LÉVY 2.0

Seabirds can fly for many days and nights across featureless oceans to their preferred feeding locations and then fly back to their nests without getting lost. How they do … Read the rest

The Bulgarian red deer project

Two researches of the ISC (Stefano Focardi and Sonia Lombardi), together with Federico Morimando (Studio Proeco) have visited dr. Atidzhe Ahmed and Prof. Peter Genov, colleagues at the Institute of biodiversity and ecosystems research of the … Read the rest

The soft side of hard matter

Soft condensed matter is characterized by gigantic responses to  external perturbations which is the reason why these systems are extremely useful for applications, like liquid crystals in our cell phones displays. In contrast, hard condensed matter a.k.a. solids respond more … Read the rest

Thermal convection in granular gases

A recent experiment, published in Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 098006, 2016 shows thermal convection in a granular gas with small gravity. The convection pattern is induced by combination of vertical gravity and a horizontal thermal gradient due to energy dissipation … Read the rest

Quasi 2D granular dynamics


4000 spheres of steel (diameter 2mm) are deposited on a horizontal rough plate (200mm diameter, only a square 100mm X 100mm is shown) and are put in motion by vertical vibration of the plate (sinusoidal shaking, amplitude 0.7mm, frequency 200Hz). … Read the rest

Granular Phases

Steel spheres move on a plate. The “thermostat ” is a vibrating wall, following a sine law with frequency 20 Hz . Weak gravity (the plate has a small angle of inclination) draws the spheres toward the vibrating wall. In … Read the rest

Complex Networks

see SapienzaRead the rest

Economic Complexity

see Crisis LabRead the rest

Computational Neuroscience

Computational neuroscience is the study of brain function in terms of the information processing properties of the structures forming the nervous system. It is an interdisciplinary science that links the diverse fields of Neuroscience, Cognitive science and Psychology with Physics, … Read the rest

Soft Matter

see Soft MatterRead the rest

HyperSpectral Imaging

The hyperspectral confocal reflection (HCR) microscope is an instrument that integrates of optical imaging and spectroscopic methodologies. It is designed for the reflectance spectral image as well as for the morphometric imaging of optical sections of vital tissue samples (in … Read the rest