Ionic liquids: a spectroscopic investigation

Ionic liquids (IL) are salts formed by organic cations, like imidazolium, pyrrolidinium, ammonium or alkyl phosphonium, and organic/inorganic anions, like hexafluorophosphate, tetrafluoroborate, triflate, dicyanamide, tetracyanamethanide or bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (TFSI). The presence of such bulky and asymmetric ions decreases the ion-ion interactions and lowers the melting point with respect to more classical salts, reaching values as low as -20°C.

ILs posses many peculiar properties, such as an extremely low vapor pressure, a high ionic conductivity, a high thermal, chemical and electrochemical stability, a high thermal capacity and a good solvent capability.… Read the rest

Solid state hydrogen storage

Hydrogen is attracting renewed interest as an energy carrier, due to the necessity of finding ecological energy media which may decrease the environmental pollution from fossil fuels. Hydrogen storage represents a nodal point for the development of a hydrogen economy.

Of the three possible ways to store hydrogen, i.e. as high pressure gas, as a liquid (~20 K at atmospheric pressure), or as hydrides in solids, the latter one appears as the most promising, due to the high mass and volume density and safety.… Read the rest

In the news: Il Sole 24 Ore highlights research at ISC

Il Sole 24 Ore the main Italian national daily business newspaper
highlights research activities at ISC.
Dalle sinapsi alle crisi finanziarie
Qualche granello ci salverà dalle frane
L’interazione con il disordineRead the rest

10th SICC International Tutorial Workshop on “Topics in nonlinear dynamics”

Turin, Italy September 7th-9th, 2015
Nonlinear Dynamics in Computational Neuroscience: from Physics and Biology to ICT
Fernando Corinto (Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy) and
Alessandro Torcini (ISC-CNR, Florence, Italy)… Read the rest

In the news: Alibaba uses algorithm developed at ISC

Il Corriere della sera, a major Italian daily, published an article on Alibaba’s use of Luciano Pietronero’s big data model.
“I fisici del CNR studiano l’algoritmo per Alibaba e Jack Ma va da Renzi”
pil.phys.uniroma1.itRead the rest

Brownian motion: Presentation at Physics library (Sapienza)

Thursday, March 19th 2015
The past, present & future of Brownian motion presented by
Andrea Puglisi and others at the Biblioteca di Fisica
Università di Roma, La Sapienza.… Read the rest

Emanuela Zaccarelli nominated in the Scientific Committee for Physical, Chemical and Mathematical Sciences of Science Europe

Emanuela Zaccarelli nominated in the Scientific Committee for Physical, Chemical and Mathematical Sciences of Science Europe… Read the rest

In the news: Il Fatto Quotidiano on Economic Complexity

An article on Economic Complexity in Il Fatto Quotidiano a major Italian daily newspaper.… Read the rest

Rita Levi Montalcini program for young researchers

Program for the recruitment of young temporary researchers
Decreto n. 975 del 29 dicembre 2014
Deadline April 1st 2015… Read the rest

In the news: Nature editorial on Economic Complexity

Nature news
Physicists make ‘weather forecasts’ for economies
The development of some countries is as predictable as steady winds, but for others it is more chaotic, physicists find.
Cristelli, M., Tacchella, A. & Pietronero, L. PLoS ONE 10, e0117174 (2015).Read the rest

Nature Photonics: thinnest beam ever

In a paper published in Nature Photonics, E. Del Re, F. Di Mei, J. Parravicini, G. Parravicini, A. J. Agranat, and C. Conti report on the observation of a sub-wavelength spatial solitons propagating in a nano-disordered ferroelectric.

The beam has transverse size of the order of 200nm with wavelength 632nm, and turns out to be the thinnest beam ever observed with a variety of applications!… Read the rest